The Norris and Margery Bendetson EPIIC International Symposium


Preventing Genocide and Mass Atrocities

The 35th Annual Norris and Margery Bendetson EPIIC International Symposium

October 8-10, 2020

The international symposium is an annual public forum designed and enacted by EPIIC students. It features international practitioners, academics, public intellectuals, activists and journalists who come to Tufts each year for three days of discussion and debate in panels and small-group discussions determined by students in the EPIIC course. Students who conduct research projects also have the opportunity to present alongside the invited experts.

The Boston Globe made this assessment of the EPIIC Symposium:
"At a time when the national discourse seems forever reduced to its lowest common denominator…to sound bites and slogans…EPIIC is a refreshing antidote. Far from looking to simplify the world, the symposium aims to teach students to view life in a way that respects complex human systems."


Symposium Schedule


Thursday, October 8


Keynote Address: David Scheffer “Why Preventing Atrocity Crimes is the Highest Priority”


Symposium Introduction
Never Again, and Again, and Again: Causes of Genocides and Mass Atrocities


Friday, October 9

Cabot ASEAN Auditorium, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy
160 Packard Ave, Medford, MA 02155

9:30am Genocide does not happen by Accident: Early Warning and Prevention
12:30pm Responsibility to Protect (R2P), Humanitarian Intervention, and Genocide Prevention
2:30pm After Genocide: Transitional Justice and Reconciliation
7:00pm Memory, Survival and Genocide


Saturday, October 10

Cabot ASEAN Auditorium, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy
160 Packard Ave, Medford, MA 02155

9:30am Prosecuting and Judging Mass Atrocities
11:30am Exposing or Fueling Mass Atrocities? The Role of the Media
2:30pm Expert-led Sessions
4:30pm Genocide in the 21st Century


Confirmed Panelists to Date:

Noha Aboueldahab

Noha Aboueldahab is a fellow in the Foreign Policy program at Brookings Institution and at the Brookings Doha Center. She is an award-winning specialist in transitional justice in the Arab region. Her book, Transitional Justice and the Prosecution of Political Leaders in the Arab Region: A comparative study of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia and Yemen, presents an in-depth comparative study and challenges mainstream transitional justice practice and scholarship using original material from interviews she conducted in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia and Yemen between 2011 and 2017. She is also guest editor of the International Criminal Law Review’s special issue, “The Ethnography of Armed Conflict” (2019). Aboueldahab is also vice chair of the Transitional Justice and Rule of Law Interest Group at the American Society of International Law.

Simon Adams

Simon Adams is Executive Director of the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect. Established in 2008 with the support of international human rights leaders including former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, as well as supportive governments and organizations such as Refugees International, Oxfam and Human Rights Watch, the Global Centre carries out advocacy with the UN Security Council, Human Rights Council and various governments regarding preventing or halting crimes against humanity, war crimes, and genocide

Donald Bloxham

Donald Bloxham is the Richard Pares Professor of History at Edinburgh University and Director of Edinburgh's Centre for the Study of the Two World Wars. Bloxham is author of several acclaimed monographs, including The Final Solution: a Genocide and The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians.  He is also the co-editor of the Oxford Handbook of Genocide Studies; and a series editor of the OUP monograph series Zones of Violence.

Bridget Conley

Bridget Conley is the Research Director of the World Peace Foundation and Associate Research Professor at The Fletcher School. At WPF, she is the lead researcher on the Mass Atrocities program. Her current research focuses on memory following mass atrocities, and has produced the book, Memory from the Margins: Ethiopia’s Red Terror Martyrs Memorial Museum (Palgrave 2019). She is the editor of How Mass Atrocities End: Studies from Guatemala, Burundi, Indonesia, the Sudans, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Iraq (Cambridge University Press 2016). She has published on issues related to the 1992 – 1995 war in Bosnia, mass atrocities and genocide, and how museums can engage on human rights issues. She previously worked as Research Director for the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum’s Committee on Conscience, where she led the Museum’s research and projects on contemporary threats of genocide, including curating an exhibition, From Memory to Action: Meeting the Challenge of Genocide Today.

John Cox

John Cox is associate professor of Global Studies and History at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte, where he directs the Center for Holocaust, Genocide & Human Rights Studies. Before coming to UNCC in 2011, John founded and directed a genocide & human rights-studies center at Florida Gulf Coast University. Cox earned his Ph.D. in History at UNC-Chapel Hill in 2006. Dr. Cox has written and lectured widely on racism and genocide, human rights, and resistance to Nazism and other oppressive systems. He recently published a book on modern genocide and racism, To Kill a People: Genocide in the 20th Century (Oxford University Press, 2017). A 2nd edition, to be published in 2021, will add a chapter on the Bosnian genocide of 1992-1995. His other publications include a book on anti-Nazi resistance, Circles of Resistance: Leftist, Jewish, and Youth Dissidence during the Third Reich (2009). Cox's current research projects include his monograph project, tentatively titled Rebellion and Resistance in the Nazi Empire: Fighting Hitler, Fighting for a New World; a major co-edited genocide-studies volume, The Routledge Handbook of Genocide Studies; and a co-edited book on genocide denial, related to the Center's April 2019 conference on that topic.

Viviane Dittrich

Viviane Dittrich is Deputy Director of the International Nuremberg Principles Academy. She is also a Visiting Fellow at the Centre for International Studies at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Previously, she has been Honorary Research Associate at Royal Holloway, University of London, and a Visiting Researcher at iCourts (Centre of Excellence for International Courts), Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen. She has taught at the LSE, Royal Holloway, and Sciences Po Paris and has published on the notion of legacy and the process of legacy building at the international criminal tribunals. After studies in France, England and the US (Wellesley College) she received an MSc in International Relations from the LSE and a Master’s degree from Sciences Po Paris. Viviane Dittrich holds a PhD from the LSE.

Adrienne Fricke

Adrienne L. Fricke is a Senior Fellow at the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative where she is studying policy initiatives to improve access to healthcare for Syrian refugees, and a consultant specializing in human rights and refugee-related issues in the Middle East and Africa. Since 2007, she has worked with Physicians for Human Rights, serving most recently as Syria Advisor, designing and implementing projects for Syrian healthcare workers and human rights defenders.  Adrienne previously assessed the health impacts on Sudanese refugee women living in Eastern Chad, and from 2006-07 was a Clinical Fellow at Harvard Law School’s Human Rights Program.  She is the co-author of a series of studies by the Institute of International Education and the UC Davis Human Rights Initiative evaluating the impact of the Syrian conflict on access to higher education in Syria, as well as in Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. Adrienne holds a J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania, an M.A. in Near Eastern Studies from New York University, and a B.A. in African Studies from Yale University.  She has lived and worked in Syria, Egypt and Lebanon and is fluent in Arabic and French.

Ziyah Gafic

Ziyah Gafić (1980) is an award-winning photojournalist and videographer based in Sarajevo focusing on societies locked in a perpetual cycle of violence and Muslim communities around the world. He covered major stories in over 50 countries. Ziyah’s work received many prestigious awards such as multiple awards at World Press Photo, Grand Prix Discovery of the Year at Les Rencontres d'Arles, Hasselblad Masters Award, City of Perpignan Award for Young Reporters at Visa pour l’Image, Photo District News, Getty Images grant for editorial photography, TED fellowship, Prince Claus grant, and Magnum Emergency fund grant. His work is regularly published in leading international publications. Ziyah authored several monographs including "Troubled Islam - short stories from troubled societies", "Quest for Identity," and the most recent, "Heartland."

Dermot Groome

Dermot Groome was a senior prosecutor in the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and has served in this capacity on four major international criminal trials. He led the investigation into crimes committed by Slobodan Milosevic in Bosnia and Herzegovina. He has been a legal advisor with the International Human Rights Law Group, a consultant to the Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights and has appeared before the Human Rights Council as an expert. Prior to his work in human rights he was a prosecutor in the Manhattan District Attorney's Office where he specialized in crimes of sexual violence. He is a professor of Law in Penn State's Dickinson School of Law.

Tawanda Hondora

Tawanda Hondora is the Executive Director of World Federalist Movement – Institute for Global Policy (WFM-IGP), the organization that houses and coordinates the work of the Coalition for the International Criminal Court (CICC). Hondora has extensive experience in using research, campaigns and advocacy, grantmaking and strategic litigation to influence change, especially in the context of fragile and conflict-affected states. He previously worked as an Investments Director in the private philanthropic sector and as Head of Strategic Litigation at Amnesty International, among other senior roles.

Adam Jones

Adam Jones is Professor of Political Science at the University of British Columbia Okanagan and Head of International Relations at UBC’s Irving K. Barber School of Arts and Sciences. He has published 15 books in the past 12 years, including the acclaimed textbook Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction and Crimes Against Humanity: A Beginner’s Guide. In 2010, he was named one of “Fifty Key Thinkers on the Holocaust and Genocide” for the book volume of that title. He is also executive director of the web project Gendercide Watch and an expert consultant to the United Nations Office of the Special Advisor for the Prevention of Genocide (OSAPG), where he specializes in conflict prevention.

Laurel Leff

Laurel Leff is an Associate Professor of Journalism at Northeastern University. She was formerly a reporter for The Wall Street Journal and The Miami Herald and an editor with American Lawyer Media Inc. and The Hartford Courant. She teaches undergraduate courses in news writing, media law, magazine writing and legal reporting, and graduate courses in reporting, nonfiction writing and the First Amendment. Leff is also the Stotsky Professor of Jewish Historical and Cultural Studies at Northeastern University, and the associate director of Northeastern’s Jewish Studies Program in the College of Social Sciences and Humanities. She is the author of Buried by The Times: The Holocaust and America’s Most Important Newspaper.

Giselle Lopez

Giselle Lopez is a Senior Data and Knowledge Manager at the PeaceTech Lab, a nonprofit organization based at the U.S. Institute of Peace that works to accelerate and scale peacebuilding efforts using technology, media, and data. Giselle’s work with PeaceTech Lab focuses on providing support for the Lab's data programs, including the Open Situation Room Exchange (OSRx), a platform designed to make data more accessible to the peacebuilding community. As part of this work, she has led efforts to apply social media analytics to monitor and counter hate speech online in order to anticipate and prevent outbreaks of violence in South Sudan. At PeaceTech Lab, Giselle has also organized and served as a trainer for exchanges in India, Myanmar, Turkey, and Egypt to build capacity for peacebuilding organizations to incorporate low-cost, easy-to-use technology solutions to support their efforts.

Gary Knight

Gary Knight's career in photojournalism started in 1988 when he moved to SE Asia and photographed the wars in Cambodia and Burma. He moved to Bosnia in 1993 and continued to photograph conflict and human rights issues worldwide until 2009. He was a contract photographer for Newsweek from 1999 to 2009, when he went to Harvard University as a Nieman Fellow. He is a member of the Board of Advisors of the Frontline Club, London; co-founder of The GroundTruth Project, Boston; twice Chair and President of the World Press Photo Award; President of the Le Prix Bayeux Calvados-Normandie des Correspondants de Guerre in 2019, a Logan Non Fiction Fellow at the Carey Institute in 2017. He was the Director of the Program for Narrative & Documentary Practice at the Institute for Global Leadership at Tufts University. Knight is co-founder and principle architect of the VII Photo Agency, co-founder of the VII Foundation and Founder of the VII Academy which is located in Arles, France and Sarajevo, Bosnia. Among other publications, he is the author/photographer of Evidence: War Crimes in Kosovo.

Alan Kuperman

Alan Kuperman is Associate Professor at the LBJ School of Public Affairs, University of Texas at Austin. He teaches in the Master of Global Policy Studies program and is founding coordinator of the Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Project. His research focuses on ethnic conflict, military intervention, and nuclear nonproliferation. His latest books are Plutonium for Energy? and Constitutions and Conflict Management in Africa, and his articles include “Obama’s Libya Debacle.”  In 2013 and 2014, he was a senior fellow at the U.S. Institute of Peace, and in 2009 and 2010, he was a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, both in Washington, DC.

Kyle Matthews

Kyle Matthews is the Executive Director of the Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies (MIGS) at Concordia University. He joined MIGS as Lead Researcher of the Will to Intervene Project in 2008 and was appointed Senior Deputy Director in 2011. At Concordia he founded the Raoul Wallenberg Legacy of Leadership project as well as the Digital Mass Atrocity Preventing Lab, which works to counter online extremism and study how social media platforms are being used as a weapon of war. His work focuses on human rights, international security, the Responsibility to Protect, global threats, and social media and technology, and global cities. He works closely with the Canadian All-Party Parliamentary Group for the Prevention of Genocide and has advised Members of Parliament on issues related to international peace and security. He previously worked for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, where he was posted to the Southern Caucasus (Tbilisi), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa) and Switzerland (Geneva). Prior to that he worked for CARE Canada in Albania and later at its headquarters in Ottawa, where he managed various humanitarian response initiatives and peace-building projects in Afghanistan, Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East.


Manus Midlarsky, is the Moses and Annuta Back Professor of International Peace and Conflict Resolution, and Director of the Center for the Study of Mass Violence. He received his Ph.D. in 1969 from Northwestern University and specializes in the study of genocide, other forms of mass violence, and both intranational and international warfare. His research has been supported by grants of the National Science Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities and the United States Institute of Peace. He has served as the President of the Conflict Processes Section of the American Political Science Association, President of the International Studies Association-West, and Vice President of the International Studies Association. He is currently on the editorial board of International Studies Quarterly, as he formerly served on the editorial boards of The Journal of PoliticsThe Western Political Quarterly, and International Interactions. His articles have appeared in the American Political Science Review, American Journal of Political Science, Journal of Politics, Journal of Conflict Resolution, International Studies Quarterly, International Interactions, Polity, Journal of Genocide Research, Journal of Personality, Journal of Peace Research, and Mathematical and Computer Modeling. Midlarski's most recent publication was "Genocide and Religion in Times of War" Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Oxford University Press, April 2019. He is also the author of “The Killing Trap: Genocide in the 20th Century.”

Dr. Zedekia Ngavirue

Dr Zedekia Josef Ngavirue is a Namibian academic and long-serving Namibian ambassador to the European Union as well as to Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. Ngavirue served as a diplomat for Namibia. He received a B.Phil. degree from the Uppsala University in Sweden and a Doctor of Philosophy from Oxford University in the United Kingdom. He was a member of SWAPO and later SWANU. He created The South West News a newspaper in English, Afrikaans, Otjiherero and Oshiwambo, and the first editors was him and Emil Appolus who later played a prominent role in the South West African National Union (SWANU). Ngavirue is the Namibian government's special envoy to lead deliberations with his German counterpart, Ruprecht Polenz, on matters relating to 1904 – 1908 Herero and Namaqua genocide, he is spearheading discussions with the German government on the 1904-1908 genocide appointed by President Hage Geingob.

John Packer

John Packer is an Associate Professor of Law and Director of the Human Rights Research and Education Centre at the University of Ottawa. He has previously taught at The Fletcher School (Tufts University) and the University of Essex, held Fellowships at Cambridge and Harvard Universities, and has lectured at academic and professional institutions around the world.  He also serves on the boards of a number of NGOs and is a Member of the Expert Advisory Panel for the Shared Societies Project of the Club de Madrid comprising over 100 former Heads of State or Government of democracies.

Kimberly Prost

Kimberly Prost is a Canadian judge on the International Criminal Court. She is the former Chef du Cabinet for the President of the International Criminal Court. During 2010-1015, Ms. Prost was the first Ombudsperson for the UN Security Council’s Al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee. Prior to that, she served for four years as an ad litem judge at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. She has also headed sections within the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the Commonwealth Secretariat. Ms. Prost also worked for the Canadian Department of Justice for almost 20 years in a variety of roles, including as a prosecutor and as head of the international assistance group which deals with extradition and mutual legal assistance.

Akila Radhakrishnan

Akila Radhakrishnan is the President of the Global Justice Center. She directs GJC’s strategies and efforts to establish legal precedents protecting human rights and ensuring gender equality. In 2010, she helped to conceptualize GJC’s Abortion Access in Conflict program to ensure access to abortion services for girls and women raped in war as a matter of right. Akila has authored numerous shadow reports, legal briefs and advocacy documents and provided legal expertise to domestic and international stakeholders and policymakers, including the International Criminal Court, the United Nations, the European Union and state governments. Akila has been published widely on issues of international law, gender equality and human rights, including in the New York Times, Time, The Atlantic, Women Under Siege, Ms. Magazine, and Rewire.

David Scheffer

David Scheffer is the Mayer Brown/Robert A. Helman Professor of Law and from 2006 to 2019 served as the Director of the Center for International Human Rights. He teaches International Human Rights Law and International Criminal Law. From January 2012 through October 2018, Scheffer was the U.N. Secretary-General’s Special Expert on United Nations Assistance to the Khmer Rouge Trials. He was selected by Foreign Policy Magazine as one of the "Top Global Thinkers of 2011." He received the Berlin Prize in 2013 and was in residence at the American Academy in Berlin during the Fall 2013 term. In 2018, he received the “Champion of Justice” Award from the Center for Justice and Accountability. He also received the Dean’s Teaching Award 2007-2008 and founded and edits (2007-2011, 2019-present) the Cambodia Tribunal Monitor. Scheffer was previously the U.S. Ambassador at Large for War Crimes Issues (1997-2001) and led the U.S. delegation in U.N. talks establishing the International Criminal Court. During his ambassadorship, he negotiated and coordinated U.S. support for the establishment and operation of international and hybrid criminal tribunals and U.S. responses to atrocities anywhere in the world. Scheffer also headed the Atrocities Prevention Inter-Agency Working Group.

Theary Seng

Theary Seng is a Cambodian-American human-rights activist and lawyer. She founded the Cambodian Center for Justice & Reconciliation and is the founding president of CIVICUS: Center for Cambodian Civic Education. She earned her law degree from the University of Michigan Law School in 2000, and is the first Cambodian-American to pass the New York Bar Exam. From her experience as a survivor of the Cambodian genocide, Seng wrote a memoir Daughter of the Killing Fields detailing her struggles under the Khmer Rouge regime. Seng speaks frequently at international conferences and in the media, including CNN, the BBC, and many documentary films.

Dr. James Smith

Dr. James Smith is the founder and CEO of Aegis Trust and a co-founder of the UK National Holocaust Centre along with his brother Stephen and parents. During the Kosovo crisis in 1999 he was a volunteer physician with the International Medical Corps (He was a trainee surgeon, having qualified as a medical doctor in Leeds, 1993). In 2002 he staged the first major international conference on genocide prevention with the UK Foreign Office (held at The Holocaust Centre). In 2004, working with the Rwandan Government and Kigali City Council, he played a key role in establishing the Kigali Genocide Memorial in Rwanda’s capital, at a site where some 250,000 victims of the 1994 genocide lie buried. James visited Darfur in 2004 and led Aegis Trust’s campaign to limit the crimes against humanity in the region. He has subsequently revisited both Sudan and South Sudan. The Peace Education programme led by Aegis Trust in Rwanda is now being applied as a tool for prevention by community leaders in countries at-risk of mass atrocities, notably in Central African Republic, South Sudan and Kenya.

David Tolbert

David Tolbert was appointed president of the International Center for Transitional Justice in March of 2010. Previously he served as registrar (assistant secretary-general) of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon and prior to that was assistant secretary-general and special expert to the United Nations secretary-general on United Nations Assistance to the Khmer Rouge Trials.  From 2004 to 2008, Tolbert served as deputy chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). He had previously been the deputy registrar of the ICTY and at an earlier time served at the ICTY as chef de cabinet to President Gabrielle Kirk McDonald and Senior Legal Adviser, Registry, serving a total of nine years at the ICTY.

Christopher Tuckwood

Christopher Tuckwood Co-Founder and Executive director, The Sentinel Project, Toronto Christopher Tuckwood is the Co-Founder and Executive Director of the Sentinel Project, a Canadian NGO dedicated to assisting communities threatened by mass atrocities through the innovative use of technology. Mr. Tuckwood leads Una Hakika, the Sentinel Project’s mobile phone-based information service. The service monitors and counters incendiary rumours linked to ethnic violence and violent extremism in Kenya. Previously, Mr. Tuckwood helped establish the Peaceful Truth Project, an initiative that addresses intercommunal violence in Myanmar. He also initiated the Sarus Humanitarian Aerospace initiative, which explores the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (drones) in violence prevention, and humanitarian and development operations. He also oversaw the development of Hatebase, an initiative that monitors online hate speech worldwide. Mr. Tuckwood has a master’s degree in Disaster and Emergency Management from York University. He regularly writes and speaks about violence prevention and its relationship with technology.

Nury Turkel

Nury Turkel is a U.S.-based Uighur activist and attorney. Turkel was born in a re- education camp in China’s Xinjiang province, and has been advocating for the rights of the Uighur people in this region. Turkel is the former president of the Uighur American Association (UAA), as well as the former executive director of the Uighur Human Rights Project (UHRP), an organization committed to promoting human rights and democracy. Turkel serves as a prominent voice for the Uighur people by urging international action against their repression in China, advocating for policies such as sanctions against Chinese government officials who actively participate in the abuse of human rights.

Marcel Uwineza

Marcel Uwineza is a Jesuit priest from Rwanda and a doctoral candidate in systematic theology at Boston College. Uwineza is also a part of the Georgetown University’s Berkley Center for Catholic Social Teaching and the Global Future of Development Project. He is particularly interested in the relationship between the Church and human rights, religion and international politics. Uwineza has published articles in Nairobi (Kenya), Abidjan (Ivory Coast), Rome (Italy), London (Britain), and in the US, focusing on memory, justice and reconciliation, church, human rights and human development in the context of post-genocide Rwanda, Karl Rahner on the human person and Gabriel Marcel’s anthropology. Before beginning his graduate studies, he worked at the African Jesuit AIDS Network as Assistant Director. He also worked with the Jesuit Refugee Service after the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. He later became the vocation coordinator for the Jesuit Region of Rwanda-Burundi and served as an associate pastor at Regina Pacis parish in Kigali, Rwanda. Uwineza has received formation in Philosophy, African Studies, Theology, and Management from the University of Zimbabwe, the Catholic University of Eastern Africa, Marquette University, and Boston College.

Cassandra Veney

Professor Veney is Chair of the Department of International Relations at the United States International University-Africa.  She joined the faculty at USIU-A in 2016 and assumed the position as chair in 2018.  Before joining USIU-A, she was a professor in the Department of Political Science and Philosophy at Quinnipiac University and an Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at Loyola Marymount University.  She has also taught in departments of gender and women’s studies at the Pennsylvania State University and the University of Illinois at Chicago.  Professor Veney has a PhD in political Science from the University of Missouri-Columbia.  Her areas of concentration include:  Comparative Politics, American Politics, and International Relations.  She conducted field research in Kenya and Tanzania on the politics of forced migration.  She has published books, book chapters, and scholarly journal articles on human rights and refugees in Africa, women, gender, and forced migration in Africa, U.S. migration and refugee policies and their effects on Africans and African descended populations, U.S.-Africa relations, and African women and the new African Diaspora in the United States.  Her most significant publications include:  Forced Migration in Eastern Africa:  Democratization, Structural Adjustment and Refugees (2007); U.S.-Africa Relations:  From Clinton to Obama (2014), edited; African Democracy and Development: Challenges for Post-Conflict African Nations, (2013) co-edited; and Leisure in Urban Africa, co-edited.


James Siguru Wahutu

James Siguru Wahutu is an expert in the sociology of media, with an emphasis on genocide, mass violence, and ethnicity in sub-Saharan Africa. He has also written about global media patterns in covering genocide in Africa, on ethnicity, land, and politics in Kenya, and on the Kenyan media’s experimentation with social media platforms. Wahutu’s research has appeared in African Affairs, African Journalism Studies, Sociological Forum, Media, Culture, and Society, and Global Media and Communication. He is an Assistant Professor in New York University’s Department of Media, Culture, and Communication, and a Faculty Associate at the Berkman Klein Center of Internet and Society at Harvard University.